The Purigen Ionic® Purification System uses isotachophoresis (ITP) to extract, concentrate and purify nucleic acid from biological samples. ITP is a gentle, microfluidic, process that separates nucleic acid from impurities using electrophoretic mobility..
To compare the performance of the Ionic system, we purified DNA from 32 FFPE tissue blocks with both the Ionic system and a commercially available column-based purification kit for FFPE samples. We assessed the quantity and quality of the purified DNA with the Qiagen MRef multicopy reference assay and the Agilent Technologies QC Plex Assay. We also enriched libraries for next-generation sequencing using the SureMASTR (amplicon-based) and SureSelect (hybrid capture) technologies from Agilent Technologies.
The Ionic system protocol greatly simplifies the processing of FFPE samples. The workflow requires a hands-on time of less than three minutes per sample and enables working directly from scrolls. The workflow also eliminates the need for paraffin removal and any impact on data quality from this time consuming, manual process.
The Ionic system delivers more DNA compared to columns
In the figure above, samples were quantified using the 80-bp target from the MRef multicopy reference assay (Qiagen).
DNA purified by the Ionic system is more compatible with amplicon-based library preparation
Samples were assessed with the QC Plex assay (Agilent) and the resulting amplicons were analyzed on the Agilent Technologies 4200 TapeStation. The resulting traces were scored using the DQC algorithm (Agilent). The results show better amplification from the samples purified with the Ionic system. In addition, 14 of the samples purified by column resulted in no amplification. Amplification was observed from every sample purified by the Ionic system.
Purification by the Ionic system improves coverage uniformity when compared to columns
Libraries were prepared and enriched for the SureMASTR Tumor Hotspot Panel (Agilent) and sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq sequencer. Coverage was assessed against control libraries constructed from a high-quality reference sample, Coriell Institute GM24835 DNA. The column libraries would require 20-50x greater sequencing depth to achieve equal sequencing depth of the least-covered targets.
Purification by the Ionic system reduces bias against long targets when compared to columns
Data from the sequencing of the SureMASTR Tumor Hotspot libraries is plotted here as coverage ratio against the size of the reference for the target. The underrepresented targets in the libraries made from column-purified DNA occur most often in the longer targets. DNA purified via ITP does not show substantial bias toward length.
Purification by the Ionic system reduces GC-bias when compared to columns
Libraries were prepared using the SureSelect All-In-One Cancer Solid Tumor Hybrid Capture Panel (Agilent), and sequenced on the Illumina MiSeq sequencer. Coverage was assessed against control libraries constructed from a high-quality reference sample, Coriell Institute GM24835 DNA. The samples purified using a column-based kit show variation in coverage based on GC content, whereas the samples purified on the Ionic system are not substantially impacted by GC content.